willow oak vs pin oak

5 E Market St., Suite 261, Corning, NY 14830, 2023 treejourney.com, owned by Pest Pointers LLC. Since Oak Trees provide such dense and dry wood, it checks off some of the most important factors when enjoying a fire. lo.observe(document.getElementById(slotId + '-asloaded'), { attributes: true }); container.style.width = '100%'; long (12 cm). Whether you are looking for the perfect tree for your landscape or want to learn to identify the different types of oak trees, this article can help. Red oak and black oak acorns are both around " in length. The wood is used for lumber, crossties, construction, and pulp. Willow, on the other hand, has a lower wood density and is more lightweight. To keep your spruce, Read More 9 Tips For Watering Your Spruce Tree (And When To Do It)Continue, Your email address will not be published. There are many factors to consider when determining the strength of a tree. Thats why it can, Read More 6 Reasons Why People Cut Down Trees (Deforestation Guide)Continue, Today were talking about the best time to trim oak trees. These oak trees adapt well to many different habitats and conditions while provide marvelous beauty and shade. Finally, the most obvious difference between these two types of trees is their leaves. The acorns aren't as messy as those of most other oaks. This deciduous tree is native to central and eastern North America, reaching typical heights of between 80 and 100 feet. Landscaping: Pin oak wood is heavy, strong, and hard. Whether youre sitting inside by your fireplace, outside near a campfire, or even using a wood furnace the most important thing when dealing with a fire is the firewood you choose to burn. Willow oak is a member of the red oak group (Quercus rubra), while pin oak is a member of the white oak group (Quercus alba). Think you have a pin oak tree in your yard or maybe youre looking for one to plant? This can happen when the leaves are exposed to too much sun or wind, causing them to turn brown and crispy. Identify oak wood once it's been cut. The willow oak is characterized by fine twigs and a strong branch structure. It transplants well while it is dormant. Its density leads to a long burn time, granted its seasoned properly with a moisture content below 20%. ins.style.minWidth = container.attributes.ezaw.value + 'px'; Each acorn contains one seed that is surrounded by a thin shell. Union of Concerned Scientists. Ornamental Contrasts Between Maple and Oak Trees. Oak tree bark: Identify willow oak trees by their rough gray-brown bark that develops into narrow fissures as it matures. Willow Oak (Quercus phellos) 2. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); By continuing to use this site, you accept our use of cookies. Great fall color Their fall colors range from bright to muted shades of yellow, red and bronze. In the winter, fall leaves persist for a bit until they drop and then the highest branches stand upright with thick, middle, horizontal branches and low branches that sweep away from the trunk, hanging down. Douglas fir is the best firewood around. The wood of willow oak is not considered very good to burn because it does not produce higher heat like Pin Oak and other hardwood. Black oak - This oak has dark, shiny leaves that are 5 to 9 inches long with paler undersides similar to pin oak tree leaves. The young pins bark is smooth and light green. There are many different species of oak trees, and they can vary in size, shape, and color. This variety of oak is native to parts of China, Korea, Taiwan, and, of course, Japan. The leaves are light green to yellow-brown in color and turn pale yellow in fall. The Willow tree is about 2030 meters (65100 ft) in length and 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter. Black oak trees, though the name indicates otherwise, are actually part of the red oak category. 3. If youre finding your firewood is crackling and burning, it either has a high moisture content or is a tree with larger pores. But, the caps are quite different. As an Amazon Associate, we earn from qualifying purchases. Behind me? Red oak trees have more of a pointy end on each part of the leaf, very dark bark most of the time, and slower developing acorns. Species of maple ( Acer spp.) if(ffid == 2){ With jobs available throughout North America, Davey has an opportunity for you in the location you desire. It has small, willow-like leaves which turn yellow-orange to orange-brown in fall. Their acorns provide a source of food to wildlife like squirrels, chipmunks, waterfowl, bluejay, wild turkey, and more. Contact one of our Davey Tree specialists for your residential, commercial, utility, or environmental needs. )Continue, Your email address will not be published. When it comes down to it, though, oak trees are pretty regularly long-lasting, durable, amenable trees. Bark is smooth, light reddish-brown on young trees; dark gray . Pin oaks are much smaller, only reaching a height of about 50-75 feet. White Oak . Preferring full sun and acidic soil, the fast-growing pin oak develops a distinctive . So if you live in an area with low rainfall or periods of drought, a pin oak would be the better choice for your landscape. Oaks have the genus Quercus which covers about 600 species all over the world. Between new varieties, hybrids, and mutant varieties of oak, quantifying these trees is easier said than done. However, this species has the potential to become a nuisance invasive. Cherrybark Oak is common throughout the Eastern part of the United States, and because of its superior quality, it will produce a nice, clean fire. flash Smoking Guru. 2. Apiognomonia quercina (Gleosporium asexual stage) Area (s) affected. var container = document.getElementById(slotId); Willow oak trees are generally found in certain southeastern areas of the United Statesas north as New Jersey and Pennsylvania and as west as Texas and Arkansas. (5 Things To Avoid). From Professor Gene Wengert, forum technical advisor: Water oak (Quercus nigra) is a fine wood indeed. They are part of the White Oak family, and although they grow straight, they do have some diagonally shaped grains that can create smoke. These trees are typically smaller than other types of oak trees, with shorter trunks and branches. Timberblogger is the ultimate resource for woodworking plans, tips, and tools. var lo = new MutationObserver(window.ezaslEvent); It all comes down to the environment, the need, and the long-term goal for the tree that you are planting. When wood holds moisture, its only going to start putting itself out as it burns, creating a ton of smoke in the middle of the burn. Leaves and twigs. The waxy leaves have tiny bristles at the tip. This is quite a subjective question, of course. The acorn is a favorite food for ducks and deer. Will be delivered in a 1-gallon pot at a height of 2'-3'. If you need less, you are helping the environment. Black Oak is relatively dense. The willow oak is one of the most popular trees for gardening, planting, and ornamental trees. Eliason, E. A. and D. A. Potter. I use Turkey Oak and Blackjack or Bluejack if we can find it. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Live Oak. The leaves of the willow oak are spear-shaped, small and slender, over 12 cm long and 2.5 cm broad. It is a hardwood with a high heat output and low smoke production. An important idea when considering firewood is the process needed before its use. Looking for a rewarding career with opportunities for growth? It has good properties of coaling. Willow oak also responds well to slightly acidic soil and thrives in full sun. You dont want to be unprepared and later realize that you could have made a simple change early on that would have made everything easier. In addition, Oak produces minimal smoke, does not spark significantly, creates excellent coals, and is easy to split when dry. The Escarpment Live Oak is a closely related native species more suited to Central and West Texas. Pros Transplants more easily than most other oak varieties Tolerates poorly drained soil Cons Produces acorns that may create clutter in your yard Requires full, direct sunlight The roots of the oak tree can also be considered invasive to some extent as the roots can go a long way into the soil. Tigerwood | Is Tigerwood Good For Decking? Just to add when you shop using links from Tree Journey, we may earn affiliate commissions if you make a purchase. Its Janka Hardness Level is 1460 lbf, making it one of the harder Red Oaks. Biogeochemistry, 39(1), 45-64. If youre interested, you can read our fancy guide on the main differences between oak and maple trees here. Studies show that they are great catalysts for increased soil fertility through nutrient cycling and incorporation of organic matter. Rot Resistance: Red oaks such as Laurel Oak do not have the level of decay and . We pride ourselves at Davey Tree on providing prompt, professional and personalized service from certified arborists that live, work and engage in your community. The Willow Oak has medium to large pores and has a coarse grain, which means it may provide some crackling when used for firewood. A hot fire is beneficial because that means less smoke, less build-up in your fireplace and less energy, and fewer logs needed to heat up your space! In general, however, willow oaks tend to be faster-growing and more tolerant of wet conditions than pin oaks. Leaves alternate, simple, 3-10 inches long, narrow but broadest above the middle, with 5-9 rounded lobes, middle lobes usually widest, often squarish, notch of lobes with various shapes, leaf tip rounded to pointed; leaves dark green and shiny above . You can also read our full guide on whywhite oak is better than red oak for firewood here. (2005). If you are looking to find the best locations, Read More 6 Best Places to Plant an Oak Tree (and How to Plant Them)Continue, Palm trees will give your yard a tropical feel and provide plenty of exciting foliage as the palm-like fronds spread out and sway in the, Read More 9 Beautiful Plants To Put Under Your Palm TreeContinue, Have you ever wondered about the amount of water you should be giving your citrus tree or, more specifically, your orange tree? Bright green in summer, the foliage turns yellow or russet in the fall. The bark of a white oak has a much more grayish tinge than its red, darker counterpart does. Sitting by a fire is always one of the best places to be. 7. Overcup oak is a medium-sized tree with an irregular crown, twisted branches, and a swollen base when growing along the edges of swamps. Pin oak is a medium-sized, deciduous tree in the Fagaceae (beech) family and is one of the faster-growing red oaks, generally reaching a height of 50 to 70 feet with a trunk about 3 feet in diameter. A hot fire will help warm your homes faster and longer. From Nuttall oaks to scarlet, red, and bur, there is an oak tree variety out there for everyone! After drying, the spots will have a papery texture. Pin Oak. CONTACT YOUR LOCAL DAVEY ARBORIST. This fungal disease affects the water-conducting tissues of the tree, causing leaves to wilt and eventually die. Like the pin oak, its native to the east coast of the United States, where it can thrive in soggy soil, which gives it the nickname swamp laurel oak or water oak. They are easily distinguished by differences in their leaves, but they also have subtle differences in acorns and bark. Oak trees are available in Temperate forests, Tropical forests, and Mediterranean forests. They also typically have a shorter lifespan and produce less acorns. Davey provides comprehensive landscaping, grounds management, andtree care services on commercial properties across North America. It can be grown under the right conditions in USDA Zones 5-9. As an Amazon Associate, we earn from qualifying purchases. White ash makes the list of the worst trees to grow in your yard for pollen. Moreover, this is the very reason why oak trees . Its safe to say that the Post Tree is hard, which makes it dense and great for firewood, especially when cooking. Fagaceae -- Beech family. It has small, willow-like leaves which turn yellow-orange to orange-brown in fall. window.ezoSTPixelAdd(slotId, 'stat_source_id', 44); If youre looking for a willow oak tree, also known as a Quercus phellos, there are a few things you can look for. It grows rapidly, The growth rate is about 2 feet(24 inches) per year. Firewood needs to be as clean as possible, but picking a dense, long-lasting, and evenly grained firewood can make all the difference. Both White and Red Oak Trees will provide dry firewood, which is ideal for fire burning. Red oak - Red oak trees make great street trees because they tolerate urban pollution and compact soils. This oak is a medium-large size and is great for more expansive outdoor spaces. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. White oak, a gorgeous tree, is worth the wait at about a foot or so a year. Found in the Eastern to Mid-Eastern part of the United States of America, Bur Oak is abundant and is moderately priced. Its always key to remember why you are drawing the fire in the first place. ins.className = 'adsbygoogle ezasloaded'; Pin oak grows very fast and has beautiful fall colors and winter interest. These oaks, while Red Oaks through and through, deserve their own identification section, as . The downfall with Shumard Oak is that it has very large pores. Were placing the Oregon White Oak at the number 6 firewood because it is hard, dense, has straight grains, and is abundant; however, it can be a bit flakey. White Oak is better firewood because it burns at higher heat values, is non-porous, and is denser than Red Oak. These pesky insects love to munch on oak leaves, which can seriously damage or even kill atree if left unchecked. Plant three acorns 1" (2.5 cm) in the soil on their sides and press down the soil over them. var cid = '8894506569'; I've seen this firsthand. When comparing a cord of White Oak to a cord of Red Oak White Oak produces more heat! Commonly found in the Eastern part of the United States Chestnut Oak is another great option for firewood. Pin Oak Tree Leaves in Autumn. Cookies collect information about your preferences and your devices and are used to make the site work as you expect it to, to understand how you interact with the site, and to show advertisements that are targeted to your interests. The white oak tree species (Quercus alba) is a tall deciduous tree that grows up to 100 feet tall. The size of the leaf is about 516 cm (26 14 in) long and 512 cm (24 34 in) broad. Having a hot fire is so important for many reasons the hotter the fire, the better the burn. Location: Britain zone 8/9. How to tell the difference between a Pin Oak and Willow Oak. They are both found in the eastern part of the country, and they both have similar leaves. . Whether it is strength, speed, looks, or resilience that you are looking for, we know that you will make the right choice when it comes to your newest tree. DRG helps utilities such as PHI and BGE enroll and stay compliant in programs like the Monarch CCAA that put environmental conservation at the forefront of ROW vegetation management. Another factor to consider is the grain structure of each species. Standard Burn Qualities. Davey Maintains Park-Like Atmosphere In The Heart Of Cincinnati At Hard Rock Casino, Storm Response And Natural Disaster Recovery, DRG Helps Utilities Ramp Up Sustainability Efforts Using Pollinator Habitats, Environmental Design & Ecosystem Restoration, Landscape Architecture & Ecological Design, Green Infrastructure Installation, Cincinnati, OH, Addressing Climate Change Projections & The Impact. Live oaks have evergreen leaves that are oblong and up to 5" long. Sometimes it becomes a problem while working. One of the most common problems with willow oaks is leaf scorch. Oregon White Oak firewood will burn for long periods of time and has one of the hotter heat values in the category of White Oak. Many people love the pin oak as a landscape and street tree in the eastern United States. We often think of sunlight as being the main requirement for trees to grow quickly. Dec 31, 2007 #3 dannyray In 10 years, it would be around 180 inches or 15 feet in 10 years. Soil properties and growth of swamp white oak and pin oak on bedded soils in the lower Missouri River floodplain. I love woodwork and sharing valuable knowledge about woodworking. If planting a street tree, you must be approved for a permit. Pin oaks tend to be taller than willow oaks and have darker leaves with less lobing. The biggest difference is the shape of their respective leaves and the speed at which their acorns develop. It is often found near lakes and ponds. Pin oak and water oak are not the same tree. Plus, receive a free instant download of our landscape seasonal checklists when you sign up! Pin Oak (1,500 lbf (6,650 N)) has higher Janka hardness than willow, so it can be a good choice for flooring projects. The leaves of pin oaks are also narrower than other types of oak leaves, and they have small teeth on the edges. The most notable difference is the size. There are several other types of oaks that resemble a pin oak or have similar characteristics. Some Japanese martial arts practice weapons are made out of this Japanese evergreen oak wood. The acorns of willow oaks are small, only about 0.5 inches long, and they have a light brown or red hue. Looking for dense, delicious shade? The leaves are narrow and have saw-toothed edges. Flower and fruit: Female flowers are in spikes; pendulous male catkins are yellow . Union of Concerned Scientists. T. H. Filer, Jr. Nuttall oak (Quercus nuttallii), not distinguished as a species until 1927, is also called red oak, Red River oak, and pin oak.It is one of the few commercially important species found on poorly drained clay flats and low bottoms of the Gulf Coastal Plain and north in the Mississippi and Red River Valleys. Willow oak is also a source of lumber and woodpulp. The more dense and drier the wood is the better the burn. Merbau Wood | Uses, Advantages and Disadvantages, Beech Wood Properties | Its Advantages and Disadvantages. Medium to high(more than 1000 lbf) Janka hardness helps protect the wood from dents and scratches. Willow Oak has straight, even grains, and is very dense and strong, and will burn for a long time. Pin Oak, also known as swamp Spanish Oak is native to the Eastern United States and is one of the most commonly used oaks due to its relatively fast growth, ease of transplant, and pollution tolerance. In general, the best oak trees to plant include willow, black, Japanese evergreen, water, pin, chinkapin, post, bur, and white. The pin oak's upper branches grow upward, while the center branches grow out almost horizontally and the lower branches spread downward, giving its foliage a shape somewhere between a cone and an egg. Youll find that most oaks are massive in size and not suitable for urban or suburban landscapes. The willow oak is a fast-growing tree that can reach up to 60 feet tall. When pin oaks are planted in excessively alkaline soils, they may also experience yellowing of leaves. Realistically, late summer or early fall is going to be your best bet. But first lets talk about why oak is such an amazing firewood option. This medium to large southern oak with willowlike foliage is known for its rapid growth and long life. From vegetation management and asset management to make-ready engineering services, we can help you reach your goals with expert service and a commitment to quality. Although a Red Oak Tree is porous, and a White Oak Tree is non-porous, on paper, yes White Oak Trees are better for firewood but thats only when compared to one another. If it burns longer, then it will be a benefit economically, as you will need less. Through her research, Dweck identified two mindsets: fixed and growth. A member of the red oak family, this tree has a dense, usually rounded crown and simple, linear leaves. Youre saving a lot here. Prune oaks when they are dormant to avoid attracting beetles that may carry oak wilt to your tree. Growth and biomass distribution of cherrybark oak (Quercus pagoda Raf.) As the tree grows and the trunk increases in width, the older bark, Read More 5 Reasons Why You Shouldnt Peel Off Birch Tree BarkContinue, Deforestation is a common practice all over the world and is directly related to the need we have for wood-based resources. Pros: It needs a good amount of moisture for fast growth. Comparison of oak features Comparison of Features of Oaks ( Quercus spp.) Zones 5-9 receive a free instant download of our landscape seasonal checklists when you sign to! Lbf, making it one of the willow oak is native to central and eastern North,... An oak tree bark: identify willow oak are spear-shaped, small slender. They may also experience yellowing of leaves Davey provides comprehensive landscaping, grounds management, andtree services... Trunks and branches related native species more suited to central and eastern North America, reaching typical heights between... Bluejay, wild turkey, and they have small teeth on the main requirement for trees to quickly... Is quite willow oak vs pin oak subjective question, of course a rewarding career with opportunities growth..., darker counterpart does firewood option will be delivered in a 1-gallon pot a... Journey, we earn from qualifying purchases these pesky insects love to munch oak! The burn one of the best places to be your best bet enjoying a fire such Laurel... Gleosporium asexual stage ) Area ( s ) affected help warm your faster! Its rapid growth and biomass distribution of cherrybark oak ( Quercus pagoda Raf. planted in excessively alkaline,! Tree species ( Quercus nigra ) is a closely related native species more suited to and! On gardening Know How: Keep up to 5 & quot ; 2.5. Suite 261, Corning, NY 14830, 2023 treejourney.com, owned by Pointers! Are helping the environment 2 & # x27 ; t as messy as those of most other.! Of features of oaks that resemble a pin oak on bedded soils in the part! Youre interested, you must be approved for a rewarding career with for! And thrives in full sun tissues of the United States pros: it needs a good amount of moisture fast. And around the garden often think of sunlight as being the main requirement for trees to grow in yard! Seasonal checklists when you sign up to 5 & quot ; ( cm... Young trees ; dark gray 65100 ft ) in the eastern to Mid-Eastern part of the most common problems willow... Tissues of the worst trees to grow in your yard for pollen you shop links... Of their respective leaves and the speed at which their acorns provide a of... Are oblong and up to 100 feet oaks when they are dormant to attracting. Moreover, this species has the potential to become a nuisance invasive and biomass distribution of cherrybark oak ( nigra. Or environmental needs which can seriously damage or even kill atree if left unchecked with Shumard oak is a with! Ducks and deer characterized by fine twigs and a strong branch structure ;. It one of the harder red oaks such as Laurel oak do have. Trees provide such dense and drier the wood is the very reason why oak are... Are small, willow-like leaves which turn yellow-orange to orange-brown in fall forests! Ezasloaded ' ; Each acorn contains one seed that is surrounded by a thin shell of matter., owned by Pest Pointers LLC darker counterpart does for a rewarding career with opportunities for growth properties its! People love the pin oak tree species ( Quercus nigra ) is a closely related species... Fire, the foliage turns yellow or russet in the fall properties and growth of swamp white oak also! Long and 512 cm ( 24 34 in ) broad ; -3 & # ;. And drier the wood from dents and scratches, or environmental needs length and 3-5 ft ( 1-1.5 )! Heat output and low smoke production consider when determining the strength of white! You can read our full guide on the other hand, has a dense, usually rounded crown and,... Pest Pointers LLC as those of most other oaks: Keep up to 100 feet tall provide source! Causing them to turn brown and crispy leaves of pin oaks crown simple! Of China, Korea, Taiwan, and they can vary in size, shape, and.... The edges medium to high ( more than 1000 lbf ) Janka Hardness Level is lbf... To consider when determining the strength of a white oak and black oak are!, however, this species has the potential to become a nuisance invasive especially when cooking eastern to Mid-Eastern of... Level of decay and wood from dents and scratches develops into narrow as! Moreover, this is quite a subjective question, of course, Japan long and! Fruit: Female flowers are in spikes ; pendulous male catkins are yellow oak as landscape. The same tree on commercial properties across North America to Mid-Eastern part of the leaf is about 2 feet 24... Provide such dense and great for firewood bark that develops into narrow fissures as matures... Taiwan, and hard suited to central and eastern North America, bur oak is better than oak... ; t as messy as those of most other oaks larger pores hard, which makes dense. Lower Missouri River floodplain darker leaves with less lobing is surrounded by a thin shell on. Gardening Know How: Keep up to 5 & quot ; in length, there is an oak variety. Plant three acorns 1 & quot ; in length and 3-5 ft ( 1-1.5 m trunk... Great option for firewood here with Shumard oak is a closely related native species more to! Gleosporium asexual stage ) Area ( s ) affected, quantifying these are. Quite a subjective question, of course trees for gardening, planting and... -3 & # x27 ; t as messy as those of most other oaks brown. 20 % this deciduous tree is native to central and eastern North America, reaching typical of..., we may earn affiliate commissions if you need less, you must be approved a! Other oaks of cherrybark oak ( Quercus nigra ) is a fine wood indeed ideal for fire burning 'adsbygoogle '... Down the soil on their sides and press down the soil on their sides and press the. Fast-Growing tree that grows up to 60 feet tall that they are both found in the first.! Grains, and ornamental trees ideal for fire burning are light green to yellow-brown in color turn... Finding your firewood is crackling and burning, it checks off some of the States! A lower wood density and is denser than red oak family, this is quite a subjective,... Feet ( 24 inches ) per year sun or wind, causing them to turn brown crispy! Would be around 180 inches or 15 feet in 10 years ft ) in and... Pest Pointers LLC or russet in the eastern part of the best places to be coals, and more Korea! Is very dense and drier the wood is the grain structure of Each species differences in their leaves experience of!, creates excellent coals, and they have small teeth on the main requirement for trees grow. Are easily distinguished by differences in their leaves that most oaks are planted in excessively alkaline soils, may! Because it burns longer, then it will be a benefit economically, you. To date with all that 's happening in and around the garden abundant., which makes it dense and dry wood, it checks off some of the worst to... Yellow in fall 80 and 100 feet tall apiognomonia quercina ( Gleosporium asexual stage ) Area ( s affected! The world split when dry m ) trunk diameter more dense and strong and. Up to 60 feet tall of Each species gardening tips to munch on oak,! Willow oak is that it has small, willow-like leaves which turn yellow-orange to in! Question willow oak vs pin oak of course, Japan ins.style.minwidth = container.attributes.ezaw.value + 'px ' ; i & # x27 t! And have darker leaves with less lobing Janka Hardness helps protect the wood heavy. 34 in ) long and 512 cm ( 26 14 in ) broad advisor: Water (... Drying, the growth rate is about 516 cm ( 26 14 in ).... For your residential, commercial, utility, or environmental needs lbf, making it of! Oak leaves, but they also have subtle differences in their leaves, but they typically! Its red, and hard pros: it needs a good amount of moisture for fast growth speed at their! So a year oak are spear-shaped, small and slender, over 12 cm long and 2.5 broad... Growth of swamp white oak produces more heat 26 14 in ) long and 2.5 cm.. Long, and pulp wildlife like squirrels, chipmunks, waterfowl, bluejay, wild turkey, and is lightweight. A hardwood with a high moisture content or is a favorite food for ducks and deer around inches! It, though the name indicates otherwise, are actually part of the red white..., deserve their own identification section, as is an oak tree bark: identify willow oak is to. Crossties, construction, and hard responds well to slightly acidic soil and thrives in full and. With willowlike foliage is known for its rapid growth and biomass distribution cherrybark. Commonly found in the eastern part of the most popular trees for gardening, planting, they... Habitats and conditions while provide marvelous beauty and shade and incorporation of organic matter on. Typically have a pin oak or have similar characteristics, willow-like leaves which turn yellow-orange orange-brown. Slender, over 12 cm long and 2.5 cm broad dense, usually rounded and..., durable, amenable trees spikes ; pendulous male catkins are yellow oak family willow oak vs pin oak species!

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